Tobacco plays a significant role in global economies, which hinders efforts at tobacco control. This page provides links about cigarette prices and affordability, excise taxes, the illicit trade market, and tobacco-related costs to society.
Taxes on tobacco products are one of the most effective tools used in tobacco control. This page links to sources on current tobacco rates, best practices in implementation, and other tobacco tax related resources.
This 2010 technical manual aims to help governments improve health and increase revenues by identifying a set of “best practices” for tobacco taxation. It documents governments’ existing approaches to tobacco taxation, discusses barriers to using tobacco taxes to achieve health and revenue objectives and provides case studies of effective tobacco tax administration.
The National Institute on Money in State Politics analyzes the political campaign contributions of Big Tobacco in the 2012 election cycle. The industry gave nearly $54 million overall, with 87 percent coming from just four tobacco manufacturers: Philip Morris USA, Reynolds American Inc., U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company, and Altria. Of that $54 million, tobacco interests gave more than $47 million to help defeat ballot measures that would have raised taxes on tobacco products, and contributed $3.5 million to state-level candidates and $3 million to party committees, with 76 percent going to Republican candidates and committees.
The Congressional Budget Office has prepared a report showing the long-term effects of certain tobacco-related fiscal policies. An excellent blog summary of the report from tobacco expert Stanton Glantz can be found here.
This Robert Wood Johnson Foundation report summarizes the progress made over the past two decades in raising cigarette and other tobacco product excise taxes, and in adopting and strengthening policies that limit smoking in public places and private worksites.
The RWJF Tobacco Map uses data from the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids and the Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights and will be updated as new information becomes available. The “map” is actually three distinct maps, each focusing on a different aspect of tobacco policy. They provide state-by-state breakdowns on smoke-free laws, cigarette tax rates, and total tobacco control spending.
This 2011 report from the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network measures the dramatic health and economic benefits of enacting tobacco tax increases. The report quantifies lives saved, reduction in smokers, and health costs saved in each state from implementing these strong tobacco control policies.
This report discusses the affordability of cigarettes in the developing countries of Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, as well as the impact that raising tobacco excise taxes will have in these countries.
This 2003 report from Research Triangle experts examines the impact of tax increases on cigarette sales and revenue from state experiences. Key findings include the impact on youth smoking, revenue gains and losses, consumption declines, and effects on smuggling.
The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids has compiled dozens of fact sheets on tobacco tax topics including U.S. state and local taxes, federal taxes, taxes on other tobacco products, and reducing smuggling and tax evasion.
The 2003 report is designed to assist public health advocates in recognizing and weighing the strategic decisions that must be made before beginning a campaign to increase tobacco taxes at the state level.
Tobacco smuggling and illicit trade not only undermines the effectiveness of tobacco control policies like taxes, youth access laws, and packaging requirements, but it results in large losses of revenue for governments. This page links to resources regarding illicit trade around the world, the effects, and how to stop it.
The new treaty aims at eliminating all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products by requiring Parties to the Protocol to take measures to control the supply chain of tobacco products effectively and to cooperate internationally on a wide range of matters. The provisions include: licensing for manufacturing, due diligence, tracking and tracing, record-keeping, security and preventive measures, sale by Internet, telecommunication or any other evolving technology, free zones and international transit, and duty free sales.
The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids has compiled numerous fact sheets discussing smuggling and tax evasion in the tobacco industry. Topics include the Federal Smuggled Tobacco Prevention Act, gray vs. black markets, and proposed measures to reduce smuggling and illicit trade.
This page links to resources about how tobacco effects the global economy and the economies within various countries.
Frequently updated comprehensive bibliography of publications and resources that utilize and analyze tobacco industry documents from 1994 to present. This section of the bibliography is specifically devoted to economics.
The 2011 Tobacconomics report, produced by Action on Smoking and Health, reveals how the tobacco industry uses pseudo economic arguments to divert attention away from the health consequences of smoking to block new health regulations and ultimately protect its revenues.
This 2008 paper provides a counterargument for the traditional economic analysis of tobacco taxation and presents reasons that tobacco taxes should exceed the level of pure, interpersonal externalities.
This report outlines US Aid’s policy and position on current and future activities related to tobacco production, processing, marketing, and other related tobacco activities. It also describes anti-tobacco activities that the agency can undertake.
This 1999 World Bank report examines the economic questions that policymakers must address when contemplating tobacco control. The report assesses the expected consequences of tobacco control for health, for economies, and for individuals.
These country profiles, generated from data collected for the 2013 WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, provide country specific information on prevalence, preventive measures, cessation, cigarette prices and cigarette tax rates.
The STATE System, developed by the CDC Office of Smoking and Health, is an interactive application that houses and displays current and historical state-level data on tobacco. Trend data, interactive maps, and state comparisons are available for topics such as legislation for indoor smoke-free policies, vending machines, smoke-free school campuses, and advertising restrictions.